Peloponnese

Peloponnese

Peloponnese

Peloponnese is the most popular region of the Greek mainland in terms of tourism. The close distance to Athens, the beautiful resorts and the interesting sightseeing attract many visitors to Peloponnese Greece all year round. Historically, it has been the main field of action for Greece since the prehistoric times. In fact, it hosts the most important archaeological sites of Greece, including Olympia, Epidaurus and Mycenae. Surrounded by sea from all sides, the region provides amazing beaches. The most famous areas include Nafplion, Gythio, Monemvasia and Pylos. 

A region with its own life all year round and not only in tourist months, Peloponnese has many interesting towns and lovely villages to visit. Monemvasia is probably the most impressive town of Peloponnese, as it is actually a castle-town carved entirely against a rock and offering breathtaking view to the sea. Nafplion, Gythio and Pylos are lovely places with Medieval architecture and nice beach resorts.

A drive around will also bring you to secluded villages in Mani or in the inland, attracting visitors with their authentic beauty. As the region is also a nice place for winter breaks, Kalavryta and the mountainous villages of Arkadia are the most popular winter destinations. View our travel guide of Peloponnese villages and find information about some of the most beautiful villages of Greece.

Surrounded by sea from all sides, Peloponnese is a place with fabulous beaches and crystal water. The most impressive beaches are found in Elafonissos, a small island with large sandy coves and exotic water. Nice beaches are also Mavrovouni in Gythio, Tolo in Nafplion and Voidokilia in Pylos. A drive around will also bring you to fabulous secluded places to enjoy your privacy. Very few beaches are extremely organized, the majority of the beaches have only few tourist facilities and an adorable relaxing atmosphere.

There are many hotels in Peloponnese, from self-catering apartments to luxurious resorts and boutique hotels. Very tourist developed places are Kalamata, Nafplion, Gythio and Killini, while great holiday destinations are also Monemvasia, Elafonissos and Porto Heli. Here are the accommodations that we suggest in Peloponnese, including hotels, villas and studios.

Peloponnese history

The peninsula has been inhabited since prehistoric times. Its modern name derives from ancient Greek mythology, specifically the legend of the hero Pelops who was said to have conquered the entire region. The name Peloponnesos means “Island of Pelops.”

Mainland Greece’s (and Europe’s) first major civilization, the Aegean (or Mycenaean) civilization, dominated the Peloponnese in the Bronze Age from the stronghold at Mycenae in the north-east of the peninsula. During classical antiquity, the Peloponnese was at the heart of the affairs of ancient Greece, possessed some of its most powerful city-states and saw some of its bloodiest battles. It was the site of the cities of SpartaCorinth, Argos and Megalopolis, and was the homeland of the Peloponnesian League. The peninsula was involved in the Persian Wars and was the scene of the Peloponnesian War of 431 BC-404 BC. It fell to the expanding Roman Republic in 146 BC and became the province of Achaea. During the Roman period, the peninsula remained prosperous but became a provincial backwater, relatively cut off from the affairs of the wider Roman world.

The PeloponnesePeloponnesos or Peloponnesus (Greek: Πελοποννησος, Pelopónnisos) is a large peninsula (technically an island since the 1893 construction of the Corinth Canal) and region in southern Greece, forming the part of the country south of the Gulf of Corinth. During the late Middle Ages and the Ottoman era, the peninsula was known as the Morea (Greek: Μωρεας, colloq. Μωριας), a name still in colloquial use.

It is divided in two administrative parts, the eastern part consisting the Peloponnese Region and the northwestern part, around Patras, partially consisting the Ditiki Ellada Region

As in whole of Greece, almost all speak from some words to quite fluent English, as it is taught in public schools. Since Greeks travel frequently abroad for education or work and also they love foreign languages, there are many speakers of other languages also, usually French, Italian, German, Russian, some less frequently Spanish.

Peloponnese geographic

The Peloponnese covers an area of some 21,549 km² (8,320 miles²) and constitutes the southernmost part of mainland Greece. While technically it may be considered an island since the construction of theCorinth Canal in 1893 – like other peninsulas that have been separated from their mainland by man-made bodies of waters – it is rarely, if ever, referred to as an “island.” It has two land connections with the rest of Greece, a natural one at the Isthmus of Corinth and an artificial one in the shape of the Rio-Antirio bridge (completed 2004).

The peninsula has a mountainous interior and deeply indented coasts, with Mount Taygetus its highest point at 2407 m. It possesses four south-pointing peninsulas, the Messenian peninsula, the Mani Peninsula, the Cape Malea peninsula (also known as Epidaurus Limera), and the Argolid in the far northeast of the Peloponnese.

Two groups of islands lie off the Peloponnesian coast: the Argo-Saronic Islands to the east, and theIonian Islands to the west. The island of Kythira, off the Epidaurus Limera peninsula to the south of the Peloponnese, is considered to be part of the Ionian Islands.

Peloponnese get it around